treason

treason
государственная измена
Определение государственной измены дано в разделе 3 статьи III Конституции США [Constitution, U.S.]: "Государственной изменой Соединенным Штатам считается только ведение войны против них или присоединение к их врагам и оказание им помощи и содействия" ["Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort"]. И далее: "Ни одно лицо не может быть осуждено за государственную измену иначе как на основании показаний двух свидетелей об одном и том же очевидном деянии, либо собственного признания на открытом заседании суда" ["No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court"]. Именно этими положениями руководствовался Верховный суд [Supreme Court, U.S.] при оправдании Аарона Бэрра [Burr, Aaron] в 1807. Всего в истории США рассматривалось около 40 дел по обвинению в государственной измене, но только единожды Верховный суд утвердил такой приговор. Во многих конституциях штатов также содержатся положения о государственной измене, но известны только два случая осуждения за измену судами штатов: Томаса Дорра [Dorr, Thomas Wilson] и Джона Брауна [Brown, John]

English-Russian dictionary of regional studies. 2013.

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  • treason — trea·son / trēz ən/ n [Anglo French treison crime of violence against a person to whom allegiance is owed, literally, betrayal, from Old French traïson, from traïr to betray, from Latin tradere to hand over, surrender]: the offense of attempting… …   Law dictionary

  • Treason — Trea son, n. [OE. tresun, treisun, traisoun, OF. tra[ i]son, F. trahison, L. traditio a giving up, a delivering up, fr. tradere to give up, betray. See {Traitor}, and cf. {Tradition}.] 1. The offense of attempting to overthrow the government of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • treason — (n.) early 13c., from Anglo Fr. treson, from O.Fr. traison (11c.; Mod.Fr. trahison), from L. traditionem (nom. traditio) a handing over, delivery, surrender (see TRADITION (Cf. tradition)). Old French form influenced by the verb trair betray. In… …   Etymology dictionary

  • treason — (also high treason) ► NOUN ▪ the crime of betraying one s country, especially by attempting to kill or overthrow the sovereign or government. DERIVATIVES treasonable adjective treasonous adjective. ORIGIN Old French treisoun, from Latin tradere… …   English terms dictionary

  • treason — *sedition Analogous words: revolution, revolt, rebellion, uprising, insurrection: betrayal, deceiving or deception, double crossing (see corresponding verbs at DECEIVE): overthrowing or overthrow, subverting or subversion (see corresponding verbs …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • treason — [n] disloyalty breach of faith, crime, deceit, deceitfulness, deception, disaffection, dishonesty, duplicity, faithlessness, lèsemajesté, mutiny, perfidy, revolt, revolutionary, sedition, seditious act, seditiousness, subversion, traitorousness,… …   New thesaurus

  • treason — [trē′zən] n. [ME treison < OFr traïson < L traditio < pp. of tradere, to give or deliver over or up < trans , TRANS + dare, to give: see DATE1] 1. Now Rare betrayal of trust or faith; treachery 2. violation of the allegiance owed to… …   English World dictionary

  • Treason — In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more serious acts of disloyalty to one s sovereign or nation. Historically, treason also covered the murder of specific social superiors, such as the murder of a husband by his wife (treason… …   Wikipedia

  • treason — A breach of allegiance to one s government, usually committed through levying war against such government or by giving aid or comfort to the enemy. The offense of attempting by overt acts to overthrow the government of the state to which the… …   Black's law dictionary

  • treason — /tree zeuhn/, n. 1. the offense of acting to overthrow one s government or to harm or kill its sovereign. 2. a violation of allegiance to one s sovereign or to one s state. 3. the betrayal of a trust or confidence; breach of faith; treachery.… …   Universalium

  • treason — n. 1) to commit; plot treason 2) high treason 3) an act of treason 4) treason to + inf. (it is treason to sell military information to a foreign power) * * * [ triːz(ə)n] plot treason an act of treason hightreason to commit treason to + inf. (it… …   Combinatory dictionary

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